Social psychologists specialize in the factors influencing human behavior in groups. In other words, they rely on scientific research to explain why people behave and think the way they do in social settings. Although differences exist between psychologists and sociologists, social psychology utilizes research and analytic methods used by both psychologists and sociologists.
Social psychology is about understanding individual behavior in a social context.
It therefore looks at human behavior as influenced by other people and the social context in which this occurs. Social psychology is to do with the way these feelings, thoughts, beliefs, intentions and goals are constructed and how such psychological factors, in turn, influence our interactions with others.
Topics examined in social psychology include: History of Social Psychology Early Influences Aristotle believed that humans were naturally sociable, a necessity which allows us to live together an individual centered approachwhilst Plato felt that the state controlled the individual and encouraged social responsibility through social context a socio-centered approach.
This led to the idea of a group mind, important in the study of social psychology. It emphasized the notion that personality develops because of cultural and community influences, especially through language, which is both a social product of the community as well as a means of encouraging particular social thought in the individual.
Early Texts Texts focusing on social psychology first emerged at the start of the 20th century. The first notable book in English was published by McDougall in An Introduction to Social Psychologywhich included chapters on emotion and sentiment, morality, character and religion, quite different to those incorporated in the field today.
This belief is not the principle upheld in modern social psychology, however. His book also dealt with topics still evident today, such as emotion, conformity and the effects of an audience on others. Murchison published The first handbook on social psychology was published by Murchison in A text by Klineberg looked at the interaction between social context and personality development by the s a number of texts were available on the subject.
By the study of social norms had developed, looking at how individuals behave according to the rules of society. This was conducted by Sherif Later Developments Much of the key research in social psychology developed following World War II, when people became interested in the behavior of individuals when grouped together and in social situations.
Key studies were carried out in several areas. Some studies focused on how attitudes are formed, changed by the social context and measured to ascertain whether change has occurred.
Thus the growth years of social psychology occurred during the decades following the s. Bandura Social Learning Theory Bandura introduced the notion that behavior in the social world could be modeled. Children who had seen the adult rewarded were found to be more likely to copy such behavior.
We are motivated to reduce this by either changing one of our thoughts, beliefs or attitudes or selectively attending to information which supports one of our beliefs and ignores the other selective exposure hypothesis. Dissonance occurs when there are difficult choices or decisions, or when people participate in behavior that is contrary to their attitude.
Dissonance is thus brought about by effort justification when aiming to reach a modest goalinduced compliance when people are forced to comply contrary to their attitude and free choice when weighing up decisions. When the boys were asked to allocate points to others which might be converted into rewards who were either part of their own group or the out-group, they displayed a strong in-group preference.
That is, they allocated more points on the set task to boys who they believed to be in the same group as themselves.
He believed that these were made based on three areas: When the learner a stooge got the answer wrong, they were told by a scientist that they had to deliver an electric shock. This did not actually happen, although the participant was unaware of this as they had themselves a sample real!
They were encouraged to increase the voltage given after each incorrect answer up to a maximum voltage, and it was found that all participants gave shocks up to v, with 65 per cent reaching the highest level of v.
It seems that obedience is most likely to occur in an unfamiliar environment and in the presence of an authority figure, especially when covert pressure is put upon people to obey. It is also possible that it occurs because the participant felt that someone other than themselves was responsible for their actions.Social psychology has a lot in common with anthropology, sociology, and personality psychology, as well as many other fields of study.
Careers in social psychology vary widely, from working as a teacher at a college to working in advertising, for the government, or working in corporate America. Social psychology is a field that studies both interpersonal and intrapersonal behavior.
Which of the following is an example of interpersonal behavior? group processes. Social Psychology Career, Salary, and Education Information.
Find Psychology Schools There are similarities between the fields of sociology and social psychology, but sociologists typically focus on group behavior, culture, community, and institutions, while social psychologists typically focus on why individuals behave the way they do in.
Careers In The Field of Psychology. They spend a lot of time researching and analyzing human behavior in hopes of better understanding the psychology influenced by social factors. Their primary job is to observe and analyze human interaction in certain social settings.
Social psychology is about understanding individual behavior in a social context. Baron, Byrne & Suls () define social psychology as . 'the scientific field that seeks to understand the nature and causes of individual behavior in social situations' (p.
6).Author: Saul Mcleod. Which of the following is, true regarding social psychology and clinical psychology Researchers in both fields might conduct studies investigating outcomes such anxiety or depression Which of the following branches of psychology is most interested in the power of the situation.